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April 7, 1939     Mt. Adams Sun
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April 7, 1939

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CLASSIFIED DEPARTMENT 4 j, FRIDAY, APRIL 7, 1939 MT. ADAMS SUN Bruckart' s Washington Digest Find Joker in Department of Agriculture Appropriation Bill It's the Soon-to-Be-Famous Food Stamps and Here's How Advanced Thinkers Think It Will Work; Billion Dollars Is All They Want. By WILLIAM BRUCKART WNU Service, National Press Bldg., Washington, D. C. WASHINGTON.--It was not so long ago--six or eight years, per- haps--that the annual cost of the department of agriculture to the axpayers of the country amounted o something like $40,000,000. There vas some talk even in those days ,about the drain upon the federal treasury resulting from department of agriculture operations. The to- tals were questioned; many persons ,wondered whether the politicians were justified in voting that much money to the department because there was little to show in the way )f results. That is, congressmen could show very little except the ackages of seeds sent out to their districts. It was in those days, however, that the department of agriculture was seeking to operate effectively. Farming was not regarded by the oiks who used to run the depart- ment as a subject for politics. The departmental officials were going about their business, rendering as- sistance in the form of advice and promoting better farming--when the 'farmers asked for it. I was reminded of those days re- cently when the house appropria- tions committee brought out for consideration the appropriations bill for the department of agriculture for the fiscal year that begins next July 1. A Rip Van Winkle who could have slept through the last 10 years would have believed, truly, that he was in another world. The new money bill for the department con- tains a total of more than $1,000,- 000,000. The measure, indeed, ranks as the third largest appropriations bill Of this year when altogether there is likely to be almost $10,000,- 000,000 appropriated. What Is Planned to Do With a Billion Dollars It is extremely difficult to realize what a billion dollars is. That is, it is difficult for me to understand what it is. I can write the figures glibly enough. But to comprehend that sum of money, or a billion of anything, is something almost out- side the pale of human knowledge. Yet that is what the department of agriculture seeks this year, and here is how that money is supposed to be divided: $429,560,000 for soft conservation payments. $250,000,000 for parity payments. $191,000,000 for road building. $21,462,000 for soil and moisture conservation and operations. $24,984,000 for the farm tenancy program. $7,175,000 for eradicating tubercu- losis and Bang's disease. $6,996,570 for the weather bureau and its services. $4,978,000 for retiring submarginal lands. $1,631,000 for soil and moisture in- vestigation. $I,500,000 for wild life restoration. $300,000 for co-operative farm for- estry. $250,000 for the water facilities program. There were some other odds and ends embracing items of 20 or 40 or 90 thousand dollars, amounts so small that men almost smirk be- cause they have forgotten how to speak in such limited numbers. Then, and here is the joker which is hiddenway. I really should not say "hidden" because no reference is made in the agriculture bill lan- guage. The joker is that there are a)most countless millions of other dollars with which the department can play around, including approxi- mately $100,000,000 of nVoney for use in getting rid of farm surpluses. That is the money from which Sec- retary Wallace and his advanced thinkers will draw funds for the soon-to-be-famous food stamps. t got its bell The coun ry " Y full of ,blue eagles before the NRA was plowed under. But the undis- tinguished, yet befitting, end thnt came to the NRA b ue eagle has not deterred the aavancea thinkers from attempting something else that is blue---a blue stamp Ior relief food. Yes, relief workers w!ll have the same wages as before, but mey will receive free blue stamps with which to buy surplus products for foods. Haw Wallace's Men Think Blue Food $amp Will Work I must write a little bit about that blue food stamp, about how me ad- vanced thinkers think it will work, before I report on the main depart- ment of agriculture appropriation bill. It seems to be Secretary Wallace's idea of a more abundant life to des- ignate certain farm products each week as being "surplus" and to help get them off of the glutted market by making them available for relief Workers' kitchens. The first trial of the scheme will be limited to six cities. In* those areas, the relief supervisors will be supplied with books of blue stamps, They are rather pretty stamps, too. Each WPA worker will get a book of stamps of a specified value. He can take those stamps to his gro- cery store and use them just like they were quarters, or half dollars or dollars. The groceryman wRl take them and he will be paid hon- est-to-goodness United States mon- ey for them. Thus will the surplus stocks of food proctucts be reduced and the remainder will bring better prices. Or so say the advanced thinkers. When I read the explanation of the program that was sent me by one of Mr. Wallace's publicity staff, the first thing that struck me was the extreme discrimination that will result. It is easy to see. Take any man who is trying to hold down a private job. It may be paying him ordy $50 a month, or about the same as the relief worker gets. Natural- ly, he would like to be making more money. Who wouldn't? But he sticks on his job and stays off of relief. Then, when he gets paid he goes to the grocery store to buy some food. He pays cash, and gets his food. About the same moment a relief worker walks in, orders the same list of groceries, perhaps, and pays for them out of a stamp book. It ap- pears to me that the hard bitten private worker is going to find little solace in remaining on his job. It strikes me he--and millions of oth- ersare going to be resentful of such tactics. See Possibility oF Creafln A Lot of Bootleggers There is another phase of the pic- ture which was mentioned to me by Representative Hope of Kansas, on of the ranking members of the house committee on agriculture. He sug- gested that the blue stamps are go- grto create a lot of bootleggers. example: the relief workers are not permitted to buy liquor with the stamps. They won't be redeemed if they are used to buy anything but food. However/Mr. Hope could see no reason why a relief worker couldn't use the stamps to buy liq- uor from a liquor store and the liq- uor store owner might possibly be a crook. It is possible, you know. He might own a food store, too, or he might have an understanding with a food store owner who would take the stamps at a few pennies discount. What is to stop such pro- cdure? It's your guess. The whole thing strikes me as be- ing so silly as to defy one's powers of imagination. It is dealt with here at such length only because I re- gard it as typical of a great many things that are going on within the department of agriculture for which more than $1,000,000,000 is soon to be appropriated for a year's opera- tions. The blue stamp scheme is destined to fail, even as the plow- ing under of crops and the slaugh- tering of 6,000,000 pigs was doomed a-bornin' and as the limitation of crop production was certain to flare back on those who were sucked into the maelstrom of nit wit plans. Now,. lest I be misunderstood, let me restate with emphasis that there is good work that the department can do, and has been doing. Road building appropriations, for in- stance. Where would this country be had there been no attempt to build usable roads? Who can say that eradication of tuberculosis and Bang's disease among live stock is not a valuable aid to farmers? Learn BeautiFul Phrases But at Rather High Cost I am not prepared to say that the wild life restoration program is wholly bad. It seems probable that the country ought to rebuild the wild life stocks that have been wan- tonly destroyed in the days when people could go out and shoot ducks or deer or what have you without thought of the morrow. It is a pro- gram for which considerable justi- fication can be advanced. But it is to be noted that most of these items are small. Neither the department of agriculture adminis- tration nor the members of the house and the senate have seen fit to do more than maintain them. I have seen the inmates of the capi- tol squirm and fuss and scowl about some of them, while swallowing the items reaching into hundreds of mil- lions with the greatest of glee. As I said, it was not so long ago that department of agriculture ap- propriations were regarded as huge if they totalled 40 millions. As far as I can see, agriculture is no bet- ter off today than it was in those years. Of course, a very. great number of farmers have learned that the beautiful phrases like "the more abundant life" and such, are meaningless. But I venture the as- sertion that the education has been rather expensive. From all of these things it is surely made to appear that there .are some large Ethiopian gentlemen m. the wood pile. When the politi- re.ann and the advanced thinkers 3.oread hands to manage agriculture, just then federal expenses for the aepartment of agriculture begaD zooming upward. Q Western NeWspaper Union. Court Puzzler ASKETBALL'S rules manipu- lators soon may be faced with another task--that of devising some method to make goal tending illegal. As the rules now stand any unusu- ally tall player can station himself beneath the basket and with no more than a slight jump bat opponents' shots away from the danger zone. This was thoroughly demonstrated during the past season by Mike No- yak, six-foot-nine-inch center of the Loyola university team in Chicago. The altitudinous Mike stationed him- self under the basket and when the opposition shot from outside he would merely raise his long right arm, jump about two and a haft feet off the floor, and flip the bali away. Novak's contribution wasn't only to the defensive side. His tremen- dous height enabled him to tally something better than 10 points a game to Loyola's total. Officials and fans are generally agreed &at too great a premium is placed on height. It gives a player an almost unsurmountable advan- tage, demoralizing members of the opposing team. On the other hand they argue that it isn't fair to pena- lize a player because he happens to reach nearer the clouds" than his fel- low-athletes. There isn't quite as much danger in the situation as is seen on the surface. A majority of abnormally tall athletes are physically handi- capped in that they are often slow, awkward and a trifle freakish. "This is not true of Novak. Nat Holman, the old Celtic hero and for 20 years coach of City College basketball, calls Novak a fine athlete and the best college player he has ever seen. The argument is one that can stay fresh for years. And it is doubtful if the rules committee will take dras- tic action on the question in the very near future. Plus One ILLIE TURNESA, national golf champion, recently was singled out for the Metropolita n Glf association's top honors when he ranRed at plus-one in the honor role of leading mashie wielders. Wee Willie, the only amateur member of the famous Turnesa golf- ing f a m i I y, re- ceived the highest ranking ever ac- corded a New York player, indicating that in the eyes of officialdom Willie is a stroke better than par every time he tees off. The Metropolitan G o 1 f Association's ratings are sport's slipperiest pole. It's Willie Turnesa even harder to stay there. A ranking golfer has to pro- duce in tournaments to keep his place. In addition to the plus rating of Turnesa, there are three players rated at scratch, despite the slip of Ray Billows, who was dropped one stroke. At scratch are Frank Straf- aci, who defeated Turnesa in the metropolitan amateur championship final at Ridgwood, N. $.; Dick Chap- man, amateur darkhorse, and John Burke, handicapped by M. G. A. for the first time. Burke captured the intercollegiate championship in Louisville, Ky. That feat shouldn't be underestimat- ed, however, as Turnesa failed to turn the same trick in three years of effort. Bracketed in the two stroke handi- cap are E. H. Driggs, Tommy Good- win, John Parker, Mark Stuart, Jess Sweetser and Charles White head. No. 1 Contender ONY GALENTO, the animated beer vat from Newark, has re- tained his National Boxing associa. tion ranking as the No. 1 heavy- weight title challenger. Association records show that Joe Triner, Illinois committeeman, vot- ed to leave vacant the No. 1 post which the N. B. A. first awarded the New Jersey heavyweight last year. Two-Ton Tony's high ranking posi- tion carries little glory with it. He's merely been designated as top man of a particularly unimpressive se- lection of challengers. Committee members did not take themselves too seriously when they designated Tony to lead the llst. They made it clear that Tony cannot he con- sidered a very grave threat to Champion Joe Louis. Heavyweight boxing's sorry state of affairs is evidenced by the first 10 ranking fighters. In addition to Galento the committee ranked, in order, Bob Pastor, Lou Nova, Max Baer, Red Burman, Maurice Strick. land, Nathan Mann, Roscoe Toles, Johnny Paycheck and Tony Musto. Divisions other than heavyweight show a great deal more class. In the light heavyweight class Cham- pion John Henry Lewis is followed by MelOn Bettina, Dave Clark and Billy Conn, in first, second and third places, respectively. Finishing out the list of 10 are Ron Richards, Gus Lesnevich. Len Harvey, Jock Mc- Avoy, Tieer Terry Warrington, Ed. die Wens-tob ancl Joe Wagner. Top middleweights are Solly Krie. ger, champion; Freddie Apostoli, A] H_ostak, Walter Woods, Ceferine arcia, Teddy Yarocz, Fred Hen. nenerry, Erie Seelig, Attilio Saba. fine, Tony Zale and Gone Buffalo. First five welterweights are Hen. ry Armstrong, champion; Charley Burley, Fritzie Zivic, Sammy Lufl. sprmg and Miit Aron. I O Western Nawaper Union. J France Guards African Empire Against Aggression from Libya Tunisia, key to Fench territorial power, is guarded against Italian conquest ambitions by native soldiers who pa. trol the Libyan border day and night. !i:::i}:,'i!:  = ii; :;:i:! When Italy first began unofficial clamoring for Tunisia, the Italian travel bureau in Tunis (above) was well smashed up dur. ing demonstrations. This happened early last De- cember following Count Ciano's remarks in the Italian chamber of depu. ties. In the intervening three month Paris has made Tunisia almost as impregnable as the fa. anus Maginot line which guards France from Get. many. Since the Tunisian frontier is largely moan. tainous, like the view shown at right, an invad- ing army from Libya wo(dd have intense di. culty scaling peaks and fighting of] artillery. FRUIT TREES m, i .... 1 0 0,0 0 0 "'" i lult ees. 500 varieties as low as r 100 O .gh in I00 lots. One free l 'towermg tree with this ad and | every order. 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Betty--No you haven't--I Just dropped It! nisia she could master the Mediterranean. Rec- ognizing this danger, also We Cultivate Thaf Field worrying that Germany Politics offers such a trench. may aid Italy in this new. dous field in which to be bogus. The world owes no man any- est territorial d r i v e, France takes elaborate precautions in Tunisia. Above: A detachment of soldiers string L arbed wire before one o the new ]ortifications in the Mareth line along the Libyan frontier. Left: An impressive display o] tanks on parade early this year when Premier Edouard Daladier visited Tunis. Tunisian natives watch modern fighting tanks on parade. thing who does not serve it. What is the greatest pleasure of an old man? Conversation. In- duige him--if you have a kind heart. Lef Us Add Courage Confucius recommended five moral virtues---humanity, justice, order, prudence and rectitude; none of which is likely to accom- plish much without a stout heart. One f the mistaken virtues is eand in the wrg lee. If one earnestly wants to be a gentleman he can be one. The rules are plain. Thaf'$ All We Ask Laws cannot change human na- ture, they can but, at best, change human behavior. Everyone may be an ideaUst; but none should be a zealot. A zealot is a nuisance. Ask Dootor About This Ideal Way TO LOSE FAT -VEY WORD| Make your. n4 nw that you' IoN tome of that ustY at Im really erdoy life. o one can blame 3ou if you don't want to talm 1rmful drtip, go an starvation diets and do backbreaking exercises. No sane woman would! And for sensible wm lik yourlmlf who reatl3 want to r yet don't expect miralep overnight --who are willing to faithfully follow a s/mple, inexpensive and pleasant a.plan, we uggest this easy method-- ll of all go light on fatty foods and sweets. Eat plttfully of lean meats, fresh fruits and vegetables. And for proper functioning by remora| of accumulated wastes be trt to take a half teaspoonful f Feh ia hot water every morning. ruscb scnen m made r/ght here in U. S. from famous English formula. And let's .Jet tbJo ntraisht rfght nose' t Krponea. It is not hnnfni. It is " uu one salt as some people may ignowanUy believe. Look on the box! a'U. NO It is a blend of e aeUve ndner- r uao tmtoun medielnal Spa oawshor. wealthy women have gem| A'.ar O ruwt ee)ts but a few cents m. .h.ts .6 weem. Get n Jar RIGHT AWAI At dugSist everywhere. WIqU--13 14--39 Atom Upon Atom Immensity is made up of atoms. --Leibnitz. n